Furthermore, the ideal environment and the process of wet hulling used by most farmers is suitable for the production of arabica coffee. A number of factors influence the taste of Sumatra coffee. By creating their own women-only cooperative and joining Café Femenino, the women earn more money and have the ability to decide where it goes. Sumatra coffee is considered ideal to mix with coffee grown in East Africa and Central America due to their high level of acidity. The government responded by importing Liberica Coffee which is more resistant to leaf rust and proving a success. It has a sweet, earthy, low-acid profile that is truly distinctive. Today, the country ranks is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world. The volcanic soil, high elevation and reliable rainfall produce ideal growing conditions, coffee from this region is distinctive with its blue-green color from the processing method and low iron in the soils. A cup of this Sumatra coffee includes the tinge of flavors of cedar and dark chocolate. Grown on the surrounds of the Mandheling in rich volcanic soil, it is an outstanding pour- over when light roasted for filter coffee. Furthermore, the ideal environment and the process of wet hulling used by most farmers is suitable for the production of arabica coffee. Arabica plants tend to be more prone to disease, so farmers must pay close attention to the plants while they are growing. Named after the Mandheling people who traditionally grew it, growing conditions are ideal with long tropical days and elevations between 2500 – 5000 ft above sea level near Padang in West Central Indonesia. Over time, coffee plantations spread to East Java, Central Java, West Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi. Searching for suitable habitats the Dutch colonial government, which ruled much of the region, began planting near Batavia (now Jakarta). Some of the best quality gourmet coffee options are grown here. Successes came rapidly and within ten years exports had risen to 60 metric tons per year making Indonesia the largest coffee producer after Ethiopia and Arabia. Sumatra Mandheling Coffee, grown in the west-central region near Padang, is known for its smooth and heavy body that is sometimes even described as syrupy. The Dutch started by planting coffee around Batavia (Jakarta), and farther South, near Sukabumi and Bogor. Our Sumatra Swiss Water Decaf Coffee is a Fair Trade Organic option that uses a completely chemical-free decaffeination method to retain optimal flavor and body. Targeted Study of the Arabica Coffee production Chain in North Sumatra (The Mandheling Coffee) North Sumatra Province is known as one of the Arabica producing center with the production of 15000 tons/year, accounting to 33.3% of the Indonesian Arabica production. While Indonesia coffee production began on Java, today it is Sumatra that most North American buyers think of when asked to describe Indonesian coffee. Located in the northern end of Indonesia, close to Lake Laut Tawar in the far north-west. This regions the the most northern part of Indonesia with favorable altitudes of 1100 – 1300 feet above sea level. The farmers keep continuing to grow coffee from generations to generations. In 2017, the estimated production of Indonesia coffee was around 660,000 metric tons. These coffee beans are environment-friendly as they do not contain any type of harmful chemicals. Over time, methods became more sophisticated, but infrastructure limitations and and a convoluted/lengthy value chain played a role in processing practices that are unique in the coffee world. Indonesia proved to have a near ideal climate for coffee production, hence plantations were soon established on other parts of Java and on the islands of Sumatra and Sulawesi. Some of this coffee production is organic and many coffee farmers cooperatives and coffee exporters are internationally certified to market organic coffee beans. Close to 90% of the coffee production in Sumatra is in the hands of small farmers or cooperatives, making it an important economic activity for the region. Arabica is a kind of coffee which they grow. ; Women are the backbone of producing – they plant, grow and harvest the Sumatra green coffee beans. As the demand for coffee grew railroads and roads were built to transfer the beans from rural mountainous areas for export. A cup of Sumatra coffee will also include the flavors of tobacco, cocoa, cedar wood, earth, and smoke. It grows well in temperatures of 16-20 degrees Celsius. The low acidity provides a complex taste, often exhibits sweet under tones of chocolate. Growing Conditions. The region of Sumatra is able to produce coffee almost all year round. Interesting Facts About Sumatra Coffee. (Hence the prevalence of so many split and flattened beans.) Over 90% of coffee beans grown on Sumatra are produced by small coffee farmers. At the green bean stage, coffee from this area has a distinctive bluish colour, which is attributed to processing method and lack of iron in the soil. All the trade commodities were controlled by the Dutch East India Company. The island accounts for around 50% of Indonesia’s national coffee production and around 75% of Robusta production. It comes from Indonesia – creating two climatic zones; Sumatra occupies both sides of the equator in equal halves. Mandheling has a rustic sweetness that is the highlight of Indonesian wet-processed coffee. The best Sumatran coffees have a relatively low acidity, but just enough to provide add interest to the complex tastes. A significant factor in Sumatra coffee’s one-of-a-kind profile, and global renown is the way it is processed. Everything from the humidity to the precipitation to the altitude can change the subtleties that go into the flavor of each cup. | Why Should You Try It? These farms are usually small areas of land with a handful of trees farmed by families who can own as little as 100 coffee trees to a few acres of land. Coffee played an important role in the country’s economic growth. Starbucks is a huge purchaser of Sumatran coffee and frequently uses it in their blends. Regency of Central Aceh, Bener Meriah, and Bukit Barisan is a highland area in Sumatra where most of its residents are coffee farmers. Coffee production was first introduced in the region by Dutch colonials in 1696. It’s a balanced medium roast coffee with a rich taste and … Therefore, the sustainability of coffee production in this area is nothing to worry about. Sumatra produces Arabica coffee and the climatic conditions have a direct impact on its unusual taste. More specific growing regions are Aceh (North Central Sumatra) and Lintong (near lake Toba). In the case of our spider graph charts in each More, low acidity. Aceh is largely mountainous ranging upwards of 5000 ft above sea level. More specific growing regions are Aceh (North Central Sumatra) and Lintong (near lake Toba). Java is renowned for its gourmet Arabica coffee. Sumatra coffee is known for its sweet, smooth, intense and balanced body and its flavors depend upon the region it is grown and the process used to prepare it. The … Grown in the central region of the island of Sumatra near lake toba in the Sidikalang area. Our roasting team next carefully highlights those flavor notes with a light roast. Typically Sumatra coffee is grown in small-holder farms, ranging from 2-3 acres or roughly 100 coffee trees per plantation. Our fragrant single origin Sumatra Lake Toba is produced by indigenous small-lot farmers around the largest volcanic crater lake in the world. 99 ($0.50/Count) The most well-known “region” of Sumatra is Mandheling, which is actually a trade name originally based on the Mandailing tribe, which grows coffee in the Tapanuli area. Producers farm in the traditional way without the use of any pesticides or chemicals. What's the effect of this process on flavor? Arabica coffee is most suited to altitudes over 1500m. Coffee Production in Sumatra. Like any beans, the region where the crop is from has a pronounced impact on the flavor. Sumatra’s coffee production is defined by its humid climate that has the perfect ratio of rainfall to sunshine and by the wet-hulling process that it uses to prepare the beans. Java is also known as producing one of the finest aged coffees in the wo… This coffee has covered the wild jungle of this tropical island of Indonesia. 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